1. Facts
  2. Detailed project description
  3. How far we have come
  4. How to contribute
  5. Our pledge
  6. Practical documentation for a project presentation in your school or company


Maji project duration: October 2016-December 2018
Estimated total cost: 170.000 EUR
Misingi contribution: 110.000 EUR
Co-financing Endallah village, Karatu district and ENDAWASU: 60.000 EUR
Beneficiaries: 5.000 inhabitants of Endallah
Borehole of about 135 m and installation of Grundfos SP-40 7,5 KW water pump, pumphouse and fencing,  electricity supply,
construction of 2 stone storage tanks (respectively 100 m³ and 120 m³) on Shangit hill (1511 m) and ‘Vodacom’, connection to the water pump (1,7 km), connection of pump to the existing network and stone storage tank of Endallah village (1,5 km), connection of existing network with existing stone storage tank of Endallah Secondary School (0,5 km), 2 new distribution pipes from main storage reservoir (5,2 km), 2 extensions from the existing network (2,9 km), 11 new distribution points
Coordination Tanzania: Elibariki A. Dimme
Coordination Belgium: Steven Andries (working group water of Misingi).


Detailed project description

On repeated and explicit request from the population of Endallah, Misingi vzw has decided in October 2016 to pursue a grand water project for the village during the next three years. The new water project encompasses a borehole of approx. 135m, installation of a powerful pump, water storage and the installation of many kilometres of new piping as well as 11 new distribution points. In that way, water will be available to the most remote points of van Endallah (Manusay en Shangit) and the existing distribution points will have water at all times. The total cost of the project is estimated at 185.000 EUR, of which 120.000 EUR will be provided by Misingi vzw. The district of Karatu, Endallah village and the local water company ENDAWASU will bring in the remainder of 65.000 EUR.

What do we want to achieve?

The water system in Endallah currently has 4 distribution points that do not deliver during the dry season. The supply comes from a remote point, and the well in the Kansay river forest does not have the ability to provide for all connected villages. The distance between the well and Endallah being the farthest, Endallah is first to suffer during the dry season. The consequences are well-known: women and children digging for sandy water in the dry river bed and farmers walking back and forth for four hours to the centre of Endallah to get barrels of water.

Thanks to the new project and Endallahs own borehole water will be available throughout the year and there will no longer be a dependency on the well in Kansay River Forest. Endallah secondary school, the dispensary and the two primary schools of Endallah ‘centre” and Manusay will benefit directly, since they already have a distribution point that will now be connected to a water pump that provides all year round.

However, the project will also result in a dramatic change for the rest of Endallah. By adding 11 new distribution points at amongst others, Manushay and Shangit, walking time to water will be drastically shortened. Families and farmers who used to come to the town centre with donkeys to line up for water will now be able to get it much closer to their home. This will not only save them a lot of time by reducing the walking distance, the existing distribution points will no longer be overcrowded adding ot time saved. This time, previously allocated to water provisioning, can now be spend by children for study or pleasure while adults get more time for entrepreneurship. The new possibilities opened up by the reliable irrigation can increase the livelihood. As such the whole community directly profits of the water project.

How will the project be financed?

An ambitious water project such as ‘Maji’ is an expensive undertaking. The cost borne by Misingi vzw is estimated at 120.000 EUR. The local community will add to that another 65.000 EUR through taxes, voluntary labour (primarily digging) and investments from the local water cooperation ENDAWASU and subsidies from the Karatu District.

Misingi will dig into its carefully accumulated reserve fund for financing the water project. The impact of the project as well as the needed amount justify this. However, the existing reserve fund will not be sufficient to fund the entire project. Therefore, the project will be chopped up in phases for a total duration of three years. During this period, Misingi will have to gather another 80.000 EUR for further funding of the project. For this huge task, we will count on loyal sponsors as well as new ones, companies and schools. To build Endallah Secondary School 300.000 EUR was assembled over a 6-year period. We are thus convinced funds will be raised equally successful this time.

The story does not end when the project is finished. ENDAWASU and Endallah village will be independently responsible for the maintenance of the network. For maintaining the pump a maintenance contract will be signed with the installer. The water will also not be distributed freely. A low price will be charged for water consumption, resulting in the availability of funds for maintenance and repair. The small contribution that will be charged for each litre also acts as a stimulant for water conservation and effective use.


Phase 0: Pilot study. This phase encompasses the geologic survey and a first assessment of total cost and planning. Explotech Landscape & Drilling executes the geological, the cost assessment and planning is performed by the water engineer of the Karatu district in cooperation with ENDAWASU – 1000 EUR

Phase 1: Drilling. Based on the geological survey the location of the borehole is established. Upon drilling, when sufficient output is reached, the borehole is stabilised and sealed for later installation of the pump. This phase also includes the testing of water quality. Executed by Explotech Landscape & Drilling – 26.000 EUR

Phase 2: Connection to the existing distribution network. ENDAWASU will link the pump with the existing network and its distribution point next to Endallah Secondary School. The inhabitants of Endallah will dig the trenches. ENDAWASU places the piping and makes the interconnections. Execution by ENDAWASU en Endallah Village. – 13.000 EUR

Fase 3: Topographical survey. A topographical analysis will result in a detailed technical design report. Execution by DMDD. – 1000 EUR

Phase 4: Installation of the pump and pumphouse. Upon finalisation of drilling, the engineers can get to work again to refine planning and cost of the project. The available output and needed pump head are a few of the factors driving pump selection and cross section of piping. The pump will be installed so that water can be directed either to the existing storage tank in Endallah sub village and the new storage tank in Shangit. ENDAWASU will provide for a heavy-duty generator to power the pump and distribute the first water from the borehole. The generator will later be replaced by a connection to the fixed electricity network. When installed, the pump is tested. RIL Solutions will perform the installation.
This phase finally ends the water issues of the region – the fact that during the dry season or caused by mechanical issues due the very long piping the current network does not deliver water as it should to Endallah. Execution by RIL Solutions + contractor – 32.000 EUR

Phase 5: Construction of new storage reservoir at a hilltop in Shangit sub village. The new storage tank (construction in stone, capacity of 100 m³, 1511 m above sea level) will store the water supply and provide pressure for two new distribution lines. The high point is chosen so that sufficient head is achieved to provide water (pressure) to the most remote distribution points. Execution by contractor – 19.000 EUR

Phase 6: Connection between the water pump and the new storage tank in Shangit. This phase connects the new waterpump with the new storage tank via a rising mainline of 1,7 km. The storage tank will provide water to the new pipelines and distribution points through gravitationThis phase is the start of the new distribution network. Execution by: Endallah Village en ENDAWASU – 20.000 EUR

Phase 7: Installation of a distribution pipe to Lambo/Kanisa. This is the most difficult stretch of distribution pipe because of the many variations in height and the presence of hills. This pipe connects the new tank with a borough at the border with Lambo for a total length of 2.5km. This line gets 4 distribution points (including the distribution point near the storage tank). Execution by ENDAWASU and Endallah Village – 20.000 EUR

Phase 8: Installation of a distribution pipe to ‘Mwalimu Marco’. This is the second new distribution pipe. This pipe runs partially parallel to the pipe that connects the well to the Shangit tank and will be about 2,7 km in total. The pipe ends at the border between Endallah and Shangit sub village and gets 4 distribution points. Execution by ENDAWASU and Endallah Village – 20.000 EUR

Fase 9: Extension from Endallah primary to Darabe Awaki and from connection line to ‘Charles Umbe’. The extension line will connect the existing distribution point at Endallah Primary School with a new distribution point ‘Darabe Awaki’. By doing so a difficult to reach neighborhood on the border between Shangit and Manusay will be permanently provided with water. The extension line to ‘Charles Umbe’ will provide water at a short distance from the water pump. This phase encomprehenses the digging of 2,9 km trenches and placing the pipes as well as the installation of a new distribution point. Execution by: Endallah Village and ENDAWASU – 13.000 EUR

Phase 10: Construction of a new storage tank on the border between Endallah and Kijiweni (‘Vodacom’). This phase was recently added and fits within the planned budget. It connects the old network (solar pump project in Masabeda) with the new network (current project). The new storage tank (construction in stone with a storage capacity of 120m³) will be fed by the boreholes in Shangit, Masabeda at the headquarters of ENDAWASU. This phase completes the Maji project. Execution: Endallah Village and ENDAWASU – EUR 20,000

The project mapped out

Click on the phases on the map for more information and pictures
  School building
  Pump house / Borehole
  Water storage tank
  Distribution point (DP)
  Water pipeline
  Main road
  Seasonal river
Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 4 Phase 5 Phase 6 Phase 7 Phase 8 Phase 9


What Pilot Study – Geologic Survey
Cost € 1,000
Status Finished


What Drilling
Depth 135 m
Date November 2016
Cost € 26,000
Status Finished


What Connection existing distribution network
Length 1.5 km
Date March 2017
Cost € 13,000
Status Finished


What Topographical survey
Date April 2017
Cost € 1,000
Status Finished


What Installation Pump & Pump housing
Date May 2017
Cost € 32,000
Status Finished


What Construction
new storage reservoir
Volume 100 m³
Height 1,511 m
Cost € 19,000
Status Finished


What Connection pump -
new storage tank
Length 1.7 km
Cost € 20,000
Status Finished


What Extension Lambo/Kanisa + 4 DPs
Length 2.5 km
Cost € 20,000
Status Finished


What Extension Mwalimu Marco + 4 DPs
Length 2.7 km
Cost € 20,000
Status Finished


What Extension Charles Umbe en Darabe Awaki + 2 DPs
Length 2.9 km
Cost € 13,000
Status In progress

How far we have come

Phase 0: Pilot study. During the first week of October trial holes have been drilled throughout the area. Based on further geological study 4 candidate location were ranked. Steven Andries travelled for Misingi vzw to Endallah and discussed the results with the surveyers of Explotech Landscaping & Drilling and the district councillor responsible for water, John L. Madu. The various sites for borehole, piping, distribution points and reservoirs were visited in the presence of the mayor of Endallah Petro Y Saidi and ENDAWASU president Elibariki Dimme. Next, engineers of Karatu district and ENDAWASU recalculated distances and slopes involved. The original project plan was recalculated and adjusted pending final borehole establishment and associated output. The board of Misingi vzw approved the updated plan on October 31th.

Phase 1. Drilling.Drilling commenced on November 5th, 2016. The first and positive results were already obtained on Monday November 7th: water – Maji! During the subsequent weeks the borehole was stabilized, fortified and finalized. The test results were very promising with an output of 13.000 litres/hour and a quickly self-replenishing water table. The borehole was sealed pending installation of the pump. Water samples were sent to the Urban Water Supply and Sewerage Authority in Arusha for analysis. The water was approved for consumption on November 25th.

Fase 2: Connection to the existing distribution network. ENDAWASU ordered the water pump and the pipes fort his phase by early January 2017. They were delivered on the site in february. The inhabitants of Endallah started digging the trenches immediately and ENDAWASU placed the piping.  This phase was completed by early March

Fase 3: Topographical survey. A topographical analysis was carried out during the month of March and resulted in a detailed technical design report that was delivered half April.

Phase 4: Installation pump and pump housing. In May 2017 the water pump was placed and tested. In June, ENDAWASU provided a heavy generator, just until the arrival of the electricity network, promised by the government. On June 25 the generator pushed the first water from the new borehole through the old circuit. The existing storage tank in Endallah was filled in almost 4 hours. Because of this, the current water problem, the lack of water in the storage tank of the existing network with little rainfall through technical defects on the long supply lines, is history now. The first major part of the project has therefore been completed. Part 2 will start shortly: the construction of a new larger storage tank and the construction of new distribution lines and distribution points.

Phase 5: Construction of new storage reservoir at a hilltop in Shangit sub village. Construction of the new storage tank (construction in stone, capacity of 100 m³, 1511 m above sea level) was done early July. This reservoir will store the water that will provide the new distribution lines once the new reservoir and the new pump are connected.


Fase 6: Connection between the water pump and the new storage tank in Shangit. After harvesting the villagers of Endallah connected the the new waterpump with the new storage tank via a rising mainline of 1,7 km. The digging was done end of September. A new distribution point was immediately installed near  Shangit Kindergarten. For the first time ever, the people of Shangit, won’t have to walk all the way down to the center of Endallah to fetch water.


Phase 7: Construction of a distribution line to Lambo / Kanisa. At the beginning of October 2017, the construction of the most difficult of the three new distribution lines was started. This line connects the new storage tank with a district, located 2.5 kilometers away on the border with Lambo. This phase was fully completed in December 2017. Thanks to this distribution line, the most remote residents of the village now enjoy drinkable water in their vicinity.

Phase 8: Construction of a distribution line to ‘Nina Nade’. This phase was started in December 2017 and fully completed in January 2018. This line runs parallel to the pipeline that pumps the water from the water pump to the storage tank and is about 2.7 kilometers long. It is located to the border between Endallah and Shangit subvillage and has 4 distribution points.

Phase 9 and 10: Branch from Endallah primary to Darabe Awaki and from connecting line to existing network to ‘Charles Umbe’ and construction of a new storage tank on the border between Endallah and Kijiweni (‘Vodacom’). Both phases will start after the rainy season and on condition that sufficient funds are available. Once completed, the Maji project is completed.


How to contribute

We have gained quite a lot of experience in project management and also on a technical level we are well supported. So rest assured that the project would be finalized with good results, on the condition that we raise sufficient financial resources. For this we need your help.
Supporting Misingi can be achieved by donating into our Belgian bank account:

Account holder: Misingi vzw
Account number (IBAN): BE90 9731 2362 6332
Swift Code (BIC): ARSPBE22

But you can also help us indirectly by finding new sponsors. Companies that value socially responsible entrepreneurship or schools with a heart for the South are often looking for strong projects to support. Although we have quite a lot of contacts ourselves, we look forward to expanding our network and we are continuously looking for supporters who can help us find new sponsors. It is the personal contacts of these supporters that often make the difference in convincing a company or school. Should you know a company or school where we can present our project do not hesitate to contact us. Every sponsorship, no matter how small, does help.

What do you get in return, next to a successful project with broad social impact?


Our pledge


Practical documentation for a project presentation in your school or company